What is confirmation bias and why does it matter?
Annett, Evan. "What is 'fake news' and how can you spot it? Try our quiz." Globe and Mail. March 9, 2017
Bogan, Kelsey. "The 'Fake News' Problem: Tips, Tricks, & Tools to Use Both in and out of the Classroom." AASL eCollab Archived Webinar. November 7, 2018.
Borel, Brooke. "Fact-Checking Won't Save Us from Fake News." FiveThirtyEight. ESPN, January 4, 2017.
"Breaking News Consumer's Handbook: Fake News Edition." On the Media. WNYC, November 18, 2016.
"Defining Confirmation Bias." Resource Library, Facing History and Ourselves. 2016.
Erlanger, Stephen. "Russia's RT Network: Is it more BBC or KGB?" The New York Times, March 8, 2017.
"Fake News." 60 Minutes, reported by Scott Pelley. Produced by Michael Radutzky, Guy Campanile, and Andrew Bast. March 26, 2017.
Filucci, Sierra. How to Spot Fake News. Common Sense Media, February 12, 2017.
Jacobson, Linda. "The Smell Test: Educators Can Counter Fake News with Information Literacy." School Library Journal, January 1, 2017.
Maheshwari, Sapna "How Fake News Goes Viral: A Case Study." The New York Times, November 20, 2016.
Mitchell, Amy et al. "Political Polarization and Media Habits." Pew Research Center: Journalism & Media, October 21, 2014.
Schulten, Katherine and Amanda Christy Brown. "Evaluating Sources in a ‘Post-Truth’ World: Ideas for Teaching and Learning About Fake News." The New York Times: Lesson Plans, January 19, 2017.
Factitious - Choose a easy, medium or hard and decide whether news articles are real or fake!
Pew Research offers a quiz, "How well can you tell factual from opinion statements?"
"What is 'fake news' and how can you spot it? Try our quiz." from The Globe and Mail
Identifying fake news requires going beyond basic information evaluation. Students now need to be persistent, critically skeptical and learn how to fact-check. Moreover, they need to understand the roles of confirmation bias and social media in spreading fake news.
News provides extensive coverage on how "fake news" and disinformation plays out globally. Find BBC News videos on how social media is used to incite violence, suppress political opponents, and interfere with elections.
This NY Times article presents a case study and explains step-by-step how a Tweet by an individual in Texas became, unintentionally, a viral fake news story.
Courtesy Joe Dator, The New Yorker.